Rights & Permissions; Homework
of Western Railroad History:
Vol. I. The Desert States, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah [Vol. I. also available on demand]
Vol. II. The Mountain States : Colorado, Idaho, Montana and Wyoming
Vol. III. Oregon and Washington
Vol. IV. California
CENTRAL PACIFIC RAILWAY COMPANY
[from Vol. IV. California, pp. 100-109. Courtesy Donald B. Robertson. © 1998]
Isaac L. Requa, President
Headquarters City: Sacramento
Operated: 7/29/1899 to 6/30/1959
Disposition: merged into the Southern Pacific Company on June 30,
|Central Pacific Railroad Company||8/22/1870||7/29/1899|
|Central Pacific Railroad Company||6/23/1870||8/22/1870|
|California & Oregon Railroad Company||12/18/1869||8/22/1870|
|San Joaquin Valley Railroad Company||2/5/1868||8/22/1870|
|Western Pacific Railroad Company, The||11/2/1869||6/23/1870|
|Central Pacific Railroad Company of California||10/8/1864||6/23/1870|
|Central Pacific Rail Road Company of California||6/28/1861||10/8/1864|
|Fernley & Lassen Railway Company||10/16/1909||2/29/1912|
|Modoc Northern Railway Company||7/23/1908||"|
|Goose Lake & Southern Railway Company||4/30/1908||"|
|Oregon Eastern Railway Company||8/21/1905||"|
|Nevada & California Railway Company||4/7/1905||"|
|Central California Railway Company||10/4/1904||"|
|Sacramento Southern Railroad Company||7/8/1903||"|
|Chico & Northern Railroad Company||11/11/1903||"|
Miles track: 1,360 in 1888 - 2,516 in 1931
Gauge: 56 1/2"
Main lines: Sacramento to Ogden; Goshen to Oregon line; Lathrop to San Jose and Oakland
Rail weight: 56/66 lbs. iron
Maximum grade: 2.23%
Construction began: grading January 8, 1863; laying rails October 26, 1863
Construction completed: June 1, 1887 (main lines)
First train operated: November 10, 1863
Freight traffic: common carrier
|First printed timetable:||June 6, 1864||mp|
|6:15 a.m.||Sacramento||12 m|
The trial run in 1863 was for two miles. First revenue freight was March 25, 1864, and passenger service (to Junction) on April 15. The site "Junction" (now Roseville) referred to the meeting point with California Central which had built north from Folsom to Lincoln in 1861.
The road was not built to Ogden City, but 47.5 miles
(Promontory to 5.11 miles northwest of Ogden City) was purchased from Union
Pacific on November 17, 1869, and operating rights by way of a lease into
the City, thereby making it possible for the two carriers to exchange business
in a town rather than on a high desert plain.
The official "opened for public use" dates for major
construction - some by predecessors:
|Eastward from Sacramento to:|
|Junction||April 26, 1864||
|Newcastle||June 10, 1864||
|Auburn||May 13, 1865||
|Colfax||Sept. 1, 1865||
|Cisco||Dec. 3, 1866||
|Truckee||April 3, 1868||
|Reno||June 19, 1868||
|Winnemucca||Oct. 1, 1868||
|Argenta||Nov. 19, 1868||
|Elko||Jan. 25, 1869||
|Promontory||May 10, 1869||
|Ogden||May 11, 1869||
|Northward from Junction to:|
|Lincoln||Oct. 13, 1861||
|Wheatland||June 27, 1866||
|Yuba||Sept. 19, 1868||
|Marysville||June 1, 1869||
|Chico||July 2, 1870||
|Tehama||Aug. 28, 1871||
|Red Bluff||Dec. 6, 1871||
|Redding||Sept. 1, 1872||
|Delta||Sept. 1, 1884||
|Dunsmuir 1886||Aug. 23,||
|Edgewood||Jan. 1, 1887||
|Oregon line||June 1, 1887||
|South and west from Sacramento to:|
|Galt||May 15, 1869||
|Lodi||Aug. 4, 1869||
|Stockton||Aug. 14, 1869||
|Alameda Wharf||Sept. 8, 1869||
|San Jose||Sept. 15, 1869||
|Modesto||Nov. 8, 1870||
|Merced||Jan. 25, 1872||
|Fresno||May 28, 1872||
|Goshen||Aug. 1, 1872||
|First published timetable:||August 1, 1867|
|3:35 p.m.||Sacramento||0||12:42 p.m.|
Individual pages will be found [in the printed encyclopedia, Vol IV.] for most of the predecessors with construction dates and map. Several were, in effect, "paper railroads" and may have done surveys and/or purchased land, but built no operating railroad. They were Fernley & Lassen, Goose Lake & Southern and Modoc Northern.
Effective May 16, 1870, fares from San Francisco to Omaha (after one year in conjunction with Union Pacific) quoted as "currency rates-" Emigrant $60 - Second class $80 - First class $100 - Atlantic Hotel Express $110 (Wednesday only). Must assume that gold would have brought a more favorable rate.
In 1882 (and probably other years also) the main line was San Francisco to Ogden, 872.0769 miles; all else was a branch line. They were: Roseville Junction to Redding, 152.1009 miles - Lathrop to Goshen, 146.0796 miles - Niles to San Jose, 17.5363 miles.
There were 657 bridges and trestles in California with a total length of 100,839 feet (19.0983 miles of them) and 182 more for 5,741 feet in Nevada and Utah Territory. There were 507 grade crossings of roads in California in 1884.
Published timetables in 1888 showed Central Pacific as San Francisco to Ogden, Southern Pacific of California was San Francisco to Templeton and Southern Pacific Company as operating the balance in California. Schedules dated November 16, 1889, no longer listed the name Central Pacific.
Central Pacific Railroad Company was leased to Southern Pacific Company on April 1, 1885, and appeared in the first ICC (6/30/88) as a non-operating subsidiary with 1,356 miles owned. The company was leased again on January 1, 1894. By 6/30/03 it owned 1,352 miles and 1,449 by 6/30/04, extended to 2,150 by 6/30/12. The maximum was reached by 12/31/31 with 2,516 miles and then gradually reduced to 2,184 in 1945. It was 2,169 miles of December 31, 1958, six months before sale and merger.
The exact meaning of "non-operating subsidiary" is obscured by the fact that in 1906 it owned 410 locomotives and engines were being purchased in that name until 1913.
A minor section of track, 17 miles from Suisun (on California Pacific) to Benicia, was completed in 1879 by Northern Railway Co. which, at that time, was being operated by Central Pacific Railroad Co. The following account appeared in Official Guide under Central Pacific: Trains are now running from San Francisco via Benicia to Sacramento. The new piece of road leaves the former main line at Vallejo Jct. and connects with the line of the California Pacific Railroad at Fairfield, the distance is 17 miles. The head of San Pablo Bay is crossed between Port Costa and Benicia (1.08 miles) by means of an immense transfer steamboat which will carry an entire passenger train and engine or forty-eight freight cars with engine. The distance from San Francisco to Sacramento is 89.79 miles. The item refers to the "Solano" and it was placed in operation December 28, 1879. The previous main lines (San Francisco, Niles, Livermore, Tracy, Sacramento) were 140 miles and (San Francisco, Martinez, Tracy, Sacramento) 151 miles. The new line was flat and straight. Ferry service was continued until a high bridge was opened across Carquinez Straight on October 14, 1930.
CLICK to see a multi-page table giving detailed information about each CPRR locomotive.
Poor's 1888, p. 936
Valuation 45, p. 249
1877 California Public Utilities Commission report, p. 281
Sacramento - The Daily Bee - October 20 to November 7, 1863
Sacramento Daily Union - October 27, 1863
CENTRAL PACIFIC RAILROAD COMPANY'S TRANSFER BOAT SOLANO.
The illustration is from "The Railroad Gazette", July 30, 1880, p. 406. The steamer, probably the largest in the world, was 424 feet long, 116 feet wide, loaded draught 6.5 feet and weighed 3,541.31 tons. It had two vertical beam engines with 5 foot by 11 foot stroke, rated at 2,000 hp each; the side paddles were 30 feet diameter, 17 feet wide with 24 buckets each. There were eight steel boilers, 28 feet long, grate surface 288 square feet each. Four rudders, 5 1/2 x 11 1/2 feet, on each end. The trial run was made December 6, 1879.
End view of Solano from The Railroad Gazette for July 30, 1880, page 407.
Also available on demand
|The Mountain States||Oregon & Washington||California||Total|
-N. M. -Utah
|Colo. -Ida. -Mont. -Wyo.|
|Town census (1850-1920):||153||159||112||147||571|
|Post Office openings:||459||534||300||255||1,548|
|County estab. dates:||108||195||79||59||441|
|Military forts w/dates:||73||53||24||29||179|
|Number of maps:||234||242||248||222||946|
|Number of companies:||271||326||472||414||1,483|