near the 41st parallel - April, 1854
Including the route from the Survey of the 38th-39th parallels
from October and November, 1853
to the Great Salt Lake
Including Rivers and Towns between 109° and 112°30´ west longitude
and 39° and 42° degrees north latitude. The routes of the Survey Party are
indicated, including their campsites, which are indicated by date.
Further topographical details are provided along the survey route.
18 x 20.5 inches
Please click here to see detail scans.
Historical notes below
In 1853, the U.S. Congress authorized
the Corps of Topographic Engineers to undertake a survey of potential rail
routes between the Mississippi River and the Pacific Ocean. This
print is an illustration from the report of the survey at the 41st parallel
under the leadership of Lt. Edward G. Beckwith, in the region between the
Green River Valley and the Sacramento River Valley, conducted in 1854.
Beckwith's survey was a continuation of the survey at the 38th and
39th parallels headed by Captain John Gunnison, which was terminated in
October, 1853 after Gunnison, artist Richard Kern and others were killed
by Indians along the Sevier River, in what is now Utah. The precisely
detailed landscape drawings of Egloffstein were coordinated with the maps
produced. The specific location from which the five panoramas were
drawn is indicated on the relevant map. ~~~ Although the
title of this map only references the 41st parallel survey under Beckwith,
the map includes the survey route of the Gunnison party for October and
November, 1853. It is a continuation of the Gunnison route that follows
the route set out in Map 4 of the set of maps associated with that survey.
The Library of Congress in conjunction with the University of Michigan has put the entire Pacific Railroad Survey on the Internet. If you would like to read the narrative of the survey near the 38th and 39th parallels that corresponds to the Maps and Lithographs, click on the link below and then read the first and second reports in Volume II.