2. CAPITOL AT SACRAMENTO. The capital city of California is Sacramento, situated on the river of that name, about forty miles from tidewater. This was the most important town in California in early days, and was the starting point of the Central Pacific Railroad. The capitol building is a conspicuous and rather imposing one, which serves as a landmark for the country folk for leagues and leagues around, and is the last notable object visible as the eastbound traveler winds around the Cape Horn cliff just beyond Colfax.