the Palisades, a force of 3,000 men, a distance of 300 miles in advance of the completed line, in order to get some heavy work out of the way before the track reached there. All these supplies were moved in wagons. There was no forage along the road and, in a great many cases, no drinking water. A lot of the hauling over the mountains was over a distance of 40 miles. "In order to make time the company worked with a large force of men at every available point, through long and severe winters, night and day. No contractors would have made the necessary sacrifices."